Cytokines

Cytokines are a broad and loose category of small proteins (~5–20 kDa) that are important in cell signaling. Their release has an effect on the behavior of cells around them. It can be said that cytokines are involved in autocrine signaling, paracrine signaling and endocrine signaling as immunomodulating agents. Their definite distinction from hormones is still part of ongoing research. Cytokines may include chemokines, interferons, interleukins, lymphokines, and tumour necrosis factors but generally not hormones or growth factors (despite some overlap in the terminology). Cytokines are produced by a broad range of cells, including immune cells like macrophages, B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes and mast cells, as well as endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and various stromal cells; a given cytokine may be produced by more than one type of cell.

They act through receptors, and are especially important in the immune system; cytokines modulate the balance between humoral and cell-based immune responses, and they regulate the maturation, growth, and responsiveness of particular cell populations. Some cytokines enhance or inhibit the action of other cytokines in complex ways.

They are different from hormones, which are also important cell signaling molecules, in that hormones circulate in less variable concentrations and hormones tend to be made by specific kinds of cells.

They are important in health and disease, specifically in host responses to infection, immune responses, inflammation, trauma, sepsis, cancer, and reproduction.

  showing 1 - 25 of 545   next 25
Item# Description Pricings Quantity
rAP-0275 4-1BB Receptor Human Recombinant, His Tag

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

20.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($3,600.00)

rAP-0276 4-1BB Ligand Human Recombinant

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

20.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0277 4-1BB Receptor Human Recombinant

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

20.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0278 4-1BB Ligand Human Recombinant, His Tag

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

20.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0279 4-1BB Receptor Mouse Recombinant

1.0 ug  ($50.00)

5.0 ug  ($130.00)

50.0 ug  ($1,200.00)

rAP-0280 4-1BB Receptor Human Recombinant, Sf9

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($5,200.00)

rAP-0281 Adiponectin Human

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

100.0 ug  ($1,000.00)

rAP-0282 Adiponectin (108-244 a.a.) Human Recombinant

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

25.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0283 Adiponectin Human Recombinant, Sf9

1.0 ug  ($50.00)

5.0 ug  ($130.00)

50.0 ug  ($1,200.00)

rAP-0284 Adiponectin Human Recombinant, Trimeric form

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($5,200.00)

rAP-0285 Adiponectin Mouse Recombinant, Trimeric form

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($5,200.00)

rAP-0286 Globular Adiponectin Human Recombinant, His Tag

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,800.00)

rAP-0287 Adiponectin Human Recombinant

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

25.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0288 Globular Adiponectin Mouse Recombinant

10.0 ug  ($50.00)

50.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($1,800.00)

rAP-0289 Adiponectin Human Recombinant, His tag

10.0 ug  ($50.00)

50.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($1,900.00)

rAP-0290 Adiponectin Human Recombinant, HEK

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($4,680.00)

rAP-0291 Adiponectin Mouse Recombinant, HEK

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($4,680.00)

rAP-0292 Adiponectin Mouse Recombinant, His Tag

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

25.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($3,300.00)

rAP-0293 Globular Adiponectin Human Recombinant

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

25.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0294 Adiponectin Porcine Recombinant, HEK derived

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($4,680.00)

rAP-0295 Adiponectin glycosylated Human Recombinant, HMW Rich

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($4,680.00)

rAP-0296 Adiponectin Rat Recombinant

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($5,200.00)

rAP-0297 AITRL Human Recombinant

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

20.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0298 AITRL Human Recombinant, His Tag

5.0 ug  ($50.00)

20.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($2,700.00)

rAP-0299 AITRL Human Recombinant, T7 Tag

2.0 ug  ($50.00)

10.0 ug  ($130.00)

1000.0 ug  ($5,200.00)

  showing 1 - 25 of 545   next 25

ANGIO-PROTEOMIE, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED